Essential Freshwater Regulations – Industry Impact Analysis

Sapere was engaged by the Ministry for the Environment to assist with an estimation of the potential impact of regulations resulting from the National Policy Statement for Freshwater Management (2017) and the Essential Freshwater package on the dairy, beef and sheep farming sectors.

This report considers the direct agricultural industry impact of the Regulations. The wider economic
impacts are separately considered in other analysis commissioned by MfE as part of the wider work
being undertaken in relation to the Regulations.

A peer review and our response to it is also available:



William Li

William is an economist with public sector and consulting experience.

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David Moore

David advises on complex strategy, public policy and commercial issues.

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David Graham

David is an expert in market & competition analysis, and public policy.

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